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descendants of bernard kroger

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1881 April 6, 1881. Their arrival, however, was marked by disappointment, since land speculators had already purchased nearly all of the usable farmland in Minster, leaving only low-level swamps and impenetrable forests.

CONTENT MAY BE COPYRIGHTED BY WIKITREE COMMUNITY MEMBERS. Let each American of German descent say to himself that his subscription to the liberty loan is and will be considered a test and proof of his wholehearted allegiance to America.” Speaking for the city of his birth, Kroger promised, “We are going to demonstrate that Cincinnati is loyal to the core.”, In keeping with this, Kroger took whatever steps were necessary to cast himself as an American businessman. Bernard Heinrich Kroger (abt. Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile, Submit a correction or make a comment about this profile. Mary Gertrude Kroger (née Schlebbe), Bernard’s mother, was born in Elve, a tiny village in Westphalia. Life on the farm proved to be an eye-opening experience; as Bernard recalled, “I shall never forget that first night I spent away from home…. Suddenly the bubble burst and there were hard times just like those we have been going through.”[33]. Third: Advertise as liberally as business income permits. He listed all acquisitions, including one from Proctor and Gamble, the future manufacturing behemoth, for forty boxes of Ivory soap at $4.00 (approximately $97.60) per box. While hard work surely played a role in his success, other factors were important, too – namely, his immigrant consumer base and his ambitious advertising tactics. Kroger went to work at age thirteen to help support his family. Lacking any next of kin, Mary traveled back to Cincinnati to live as a domestic worker in the growing German community.     Kiwanis Club Cincinnati, OH    Rotary International Cincinnati, OH    German Ancestry

Disclaimer: Visitor traffic is tracked using Google Analytics, © 2010 - 2020 German Historical Institute |, http://www.immigrantentrepreneurship.org/entries/bernard-heinrich-kroger/, Zachary Garrison, University of Cincinnati, From the End of the Gilded Age to the Progressive Era, 1893-1918. Bernard Kroger, 1817 - 1893. Kroger was born in Cincinnati, Ohio the fifth of ten children in a family of German immigrants. [45] B. Kroger Scrapbook and Manuscript Collection (CHS).

of Johan Bernard Kroger and Maria Theresia (Greshoff) Kroger. The first one that impressed itself in my mind was in 1873.There was a boom on…. Though known nationally for his eponymous chain of wholesale grocery stores, Kroger, the son of German immigrants, was particularly celebrated locally, especially within the city’s prominent German-American community. His account book, which was held with Cincinnati’s Metropolitan National Bank and kept for the years 1887-1889, includes meticulous records of the business’s accounts, deposits, and purchases. B.H. In an article published the year of his death, the Cincinnati Freie Presse emphasized that Kroger was “descended from German parents,” and was “highly valued as a businessman and human being.”[1] But while the German-American community was understandably eager to claim him as one of their own, Kroger himself strove for assimilation and even exhibited a touch of amnesia with regard to his own ethnic roots. Bernard Kroger was born on month day 1817, at birth place, to Christopher Bernard Kröger and Maria Elizabeth Kröger (born ... Bernard Ulrich KROGER, 1894 - 1947. Within two years, Mary’s mother and father died of typhoid. His death made national news but was felt particularly strongly in Cincinnati, where obituaries praised his contributions to the city. In 1927, he had 3,749 stores and registered $161 million (approximately $2.02 billion in 2010) in sales. Heinrich Christoph Heitmann 1908 Heinrich Christoph Heitmann, … [23] “Kroger Invasion,” B. Kroger Scrapbook (CHS). This trend toward assimilation was further strengthened in the 1870-80s, with the slowing of German immigration to Cincinnati. She married Henry Overwein Bet. Dobbart, “The Cincinnati Germans, 1870-1920; Disintegration of an Immigrant Community,” Cincinnati Historical Society Bulletin 23 (October 1965), 229-42. 1848) Bernard Heinrich. Kroger is a lot older than most people probably realize. Cincinnati’s German population reached 50,000, or twenty-seven percent, in 1850 and continued to grow into the 1880s as the city’s industrial and commercial life flourished, creating an ever-expanding market. These mergers were made possible by the accrued capital and stock earnings that resulted from the previous decade of growth. [31] At the end of 1927, B.H. Beyond philanthropy, Kroger held a place of reverence in his home city, and he was beloved for ensuring that his company headquarters and chief production centers remained in Cincinnati, where they provided employment for thousands.

Afterwards, the two spoke to reporters, agreeing, “Germany is too prosperous, too busy industrially to go to war with France.” Prosperity in Germany, Kroger assured, was such that, in his estimation, America was no longer attractive for the working class and for those who had historically been likely to emigrate.

2, February-March, 1937. Find Bernard Kroger or other Kroger biographies in your family tree and collaborate with others to discover more about Bernard. Of course, these predictions of mutual benefit proved less than prophetic, and with the outbreak of the “war to end all wars,” and America’s eventual involvement in it, German-Americans found their loyalty questioned. Undeterred, Kroger pushed forward and within two years bought out his friend and partner. The backs of these cards were stamped with the Kroger name and store location. He quit his first job in a drug store because his religious mother objected to his working seven days a week. Although I was but fourteen and weighed only one hundred pounds, my job on the farm was that of any man. Kroger grocery stores were the first in the country to sell freshly baked goods, meat, an… Kroger was born in the American Midwest on the eve of the U.S. Civil War. Local grocers expressed concern, while the Post-Dispatch, St. Louis’ largest newspaper, referred to the store as just the beginning of a “Kroger Invasion.” In response, Kroger stepped into the public relations fray and told the Post, “I have the best help and pay them well. Citizen.”[22] In the face of such criticism, Kroger brazenly made plans to open more stores and expand the size of his bakeries. © 2008 - 2020 INTERESTING.COM, INC. They had 8 children: Bernhard Heitmann, Carl Bernhard Heitmann and 6 other children. In the sixteen months following Kroger’s departure, 1,828 stores were bought up in vast mergers involving whole regional chains. Kroger was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, the fifth of ten children of German immigrants John Henry and Mary Gertrude (née Schlebbe) Kroger. Dobbert examined the formation of immigrant identity, which, as he noted, underwent “erosion by rapid assimilation” by the time the second generation was born. By the end of World War I, the Kroger grocery store had evolved from a local neighborhood shop into a national business, and Bernard Kroger had become an American businessman. With his company stabilized, B.H. Kroger was born in the American Midwest on the eve of the U.S. Civil War. Much later, when asked about the single greatest factor in his success, Kroger answered, “Advertising.” He went on to explain, “I find the [news]paper that reaches the most homes, and through it, tell them what I have.” This simple yet innovative emphasis on marketing ensured that the Kroger brand name soon found recognition well outside of its humble point of origin in the German neighborhoods of Cincinnati.[17]. [3], In later accounts, Bernard described his mother in reverent tones as a strict disciplinarian who was responsible both for the initial success of the family store and for instilling a sense of discipline in her children. In an attempt to outpace a train and make an on-time delivery, Branagan streaked across the tracks. Rebecca Kroger. [26] In Cincinnati, German-named streets were changed, organizations were disbanded, and the use of the German language was all but prohibited, at least in public. After Bernard Heinrich Kroger (born January 24, 1860 in Cincinnati, OH; died July 21, 1938 in Cape Cod, MA), better known as “B.H.,” died in January 1938, praise for his business acumen and philanthropy could be heard in virtually every corner of his hometown of Cincinnati, Ohio. [11] Guided by his mother’s business ethic, Kroger guarded every bit of information about his store and began to craft the business formula he would later describe in an interview: “First: Do it first. [2] Walter Kamphoefner, The Westphalians: From Germany to Missouri (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1987). At the age of twenty-five, after a long courtship, Kroger married Mary Emily Jansen, the daughter of German immigrants who had settled across the Ohio River in Newport, Kentucky. With his savings and funds borrowed from a friend he opened his own shop, the Great Western Tea Company, on 1 July 1883, and within a year he was operating four stores. [14] The Kroger Magazine, L. 10, no. explained his own motivations: “I will never forget the days of my boyhood…how the poor took care of the poor, sharing their miserable possessions with their neighbors.”[37] By 1933, Kroger was giving, on average, around $30,000 per year to various charities (approximately $505,000 in 2010), most often anonymously; and in August of 1935, he donated $4,000 (approximately $63,500 in 2010) to reopen the city playgrounds. Grocery Store Magnate.

Mary Gertrude Kroger (née Schlebbe), Bernard’s mother, was born in Elve, a tiny village in Westphalia. He was soon named an official advisor and spokesman for the drive to conserve food, with the goal of contributing 100,000 bushels of wheat to the Allies. In widely disseminated announcements, Kroger spoke to women on the home front, announcing: “Now we are calling upon the women to assist us in food conservation. This profile has been identified as having no gender. [1] Cincinnati Freie Presse, July 22, 1938.

If not, see our friends at Ancestry DNA. Bernard had 4 siblings: Johann Hermann Heitmann and 3 other siblings. I propose to do in New York exactly as I did in Cincinnati. Like many Westphalians, the Schlebbes seem to have been drawn to America by the reports of friends and family who had already emigrated – in their case, by former neighbors who sent letters describing their successes in America. Kroger pioneered in-store bakery and meat counters. sold the controlling interests in the Kroger Company, primarily to the Lehman brothers, for an estimated $28 million (approximately $352 million in 2010) – this, of course, would soon prove a timely transaction. [35] B. Kroger Scrapbook and Manuscript Collection (CHS). is military terminology referring to "Government Issue" or "General Issue". Kroger’s business legacy continues today: presently, according to the Kroger Company website, B.H.’s empire includes nearly 2,500 stores in 31 states with annual sales exceeding $70 billion, making Kroger one of the largest retailers in the country. AKA Bernard Henry Kroger. In addition to the customer cards and brightly painted wagons, Kroger invested heavily in the advertising of grocery products. I have made between four and five millions of dollars by being honest and treating everyone on the square.”[23], Eager to engage the press and mindful of public perception, Kroger seemed inclined to enter the political fold.

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